Saturday, 23 January 2016

No, Atoll K isn’t utopia. But it’s a nice place to visit two old friends.

‘Atoll K deserves at least a polite round of applause for being something different.’ — Scott MacGillivray, Laurel & Hardy From The Forties Forward
‘…a courageous effort to do something different, and in this respect at least it was a far more worthwhile venture than most of their later U.S. releases.’ — William K. Everson, The Films of Laurel & Hardy
‘Weep, indeed, for the frightful vision of what was once the comic glory of the motion picture.’ — Simon Louvish, Stan and Ollie, The Roots of Comedy
‘Laurel and Hardy’s last film, to put it pleasantly, is a mess. Occasionally a nice mess, but mostly a messy mess.’ — John McCabe, Laurel & Hardy

Anyone who knows me knows I have a fondness for (aka fascination with) Laurel & Hardy's last film, "Atoll K" (aka Robinson Crusoeland, aka Utopia).  

The film, produced in France under ridiculously difficult circumstances and designed to jumpstart both the post-war Europe movie industry and Laurel & Hardy's languishing cinematic career, is the most divisive title in the L&H canon. Admirers of Stan & Babe have very strong opinions of the film – good, bad, but never, ever indif­ferent. Some people can't get past the first few minutes. Others steadfastly refuse to ever see it, period. 

Then there's me. Read on.

Now anybody even slightly familiar with the lives of Laurel & Hardy knows the story behind Atoll K, so I won't get into the gory details behind the making. (But if you're interested in said details, I have a great suggestion at the end of this post!) 

Long before the invention of $1 DVDs, where 'Utopia' reigns ubiquitous, I was fascinated by this once impossible-to-see film. I'd first read about it when I was discovering Laurel & Hardy in William K. Everson’s ‘Films of Laurel & Hardy’. Right away I fixated on Atoll K – probably in the same way someone is drawn to a car wreck. The ghoulish photo of Stan, the bizarre storyline, the fact that it was so far removed from any of their earlier work… I had to see it. It took a few years, but I finally caught a 16mm screening at the Dearborn Michigan public library. And I loved it. Why? 

From the classic me-before-you-Stanley entrance, they immediately felt like my friends Mr. Laurel & Mr. Hardy. Forget that they’re old. Forget that they’re sick. Forget that they’re in an unfamiliar land with unfamiliar people. After years of exile, Stan and Ollie are back. They’re not, as Charles Barr called them in his book ‘Laurel & Hardy’, ‘…like two old end-of-the-pier comedians doing a Laurel and Hardy imitation’. They are Stan and Ollie, with us again after far too long. There is more genuine Laurel & Hardy comedy in the first twelve minutes of this film than in their entire Fox/MGM output.

Okay, so you can’t forget they’re old and sick. Seriously, how can you? I mean, look at poor Mr. Laurel. But, you know what? He puts more enthusiasm into this film than all of the post-Roach films he sleepwalked through, put together. As for Mr. Hardy, any boyish expressiveness that critics of Atoll K claim Babe lacks by 1950 was well lost by 1938 – Swiss Miss seems to be the film where his cheeks squished his eyes into a permanent squint. But he gets some marvellous camera looks in (and welcome back to those!) and absolutely beams during his entrance. So here they are, getting tangled in each other’s clothes, Stan spreading jam on Ollie’s hand, splashing in wa­ter, pratfalling onto watermelons, baffling themselves with machinery. Older. Much, much older. But no wiser. Welcome back, Mr. Laurel & Mr. Hardy. 

"Yoo hoo!" Watch the scene by clicking here.

The teamwork is as sharp as ever. Let’s examine one gag, a gag that’s often criticized as a ‘fat’ joke made at Babe’s expense. Onboard their newly inherited "yacht", Stan finds an inflatable raft, which Ollie explains will hold four people. Stan ponders this for a second, then responds, ‘What about me?’. If this had been Abbott & Costello, or the Three Stooges, or Martin & Lewis, or even the Fox/MGM version of Laurel & Hardy, the remark would have been handled with a quick, angry shove. But look at the way it’s treated here. Stan insults Ollie – Why? He’s not making a wise­crack. He’s voicing a valid (in his mind) concern, but right away he regrets it – almost mid-sentence. And Ollie is hurt. Deeply. This genuinely upsets Stan. Even his conciliatory ‘yoo hoo’ won’t get his friend to look at him. Finally, he holds a hanky up to blot Ollie’s tears. Bringing the tissue to his nose, Ollie instinctively blows… only to catch himself. Then comes the angry shove. That single minute of film is the perfect précis of the the relationship between Stan & Ollie  –  the most beautiful bromance in the history of cinema. 

There’s also an interesting dynamic in this film. Stan and Ollie actually have friends. Oh, they've had friends before: ‘Mr. Bernard’ in Any Old Port, ‘Baldy’ in Be Big. Then there’s the boy ingénues who are bud­dies only for the purpose of plot: whiny Alan Douglas in Bonnie Scotland, expendable Eddie Smith in Pack Up Your Troubles. But generally it’s Stan and Ollie against the world. Now, when it’s the world against Stan and Ollie, they have three confederates who actually support and – surprise! – respect the boys. When Ollie takes authority as President, it’s accepted. It gives them a humanity they hadn’t had in years – the humanity that originally set them apart from the other silent comics almost a quarter century earlier, and the human­ity that 20th Century Fox bragged they were recap­turing (but bungled so badly) in 1941. Atoll K presents a mature version of the Stan and Ol­lie we originally met in 1928. Not the broad, white-faced clowns of the later Roach films. Not the stodgy dullards of the Fox/MGM years. Perhaps that’s why I like Atoll K so much: Not because of what the film contains, but what it promises. It proves that the boys never lost their comic touch, or their innate sense of who these two characters were. It shows that Laurel & Hardy could have matured and, to me, makes the ten lost years since they left Roach all the more tragic. This is the Laurel and Hardy that could have been. That should have been. 

I wouldn’t have missed this final visit for the world. 

An early version of this blog post was originally published in Nieuwe Blotto Magazine. For a fascinatingly in-depth exploration of the making of Atoll K, I hugely recommend Norbert Aping's 'The Final Film of Laurel and Hardy: A Study of the Chaotic Making and Marketing of Atoll K'. The author acknowledges the overuse of variations on the word 'fascinating' in this post.

The English Language version.
Buy it here from McFarland Press.
The German Language version.
Tons more pictures but, well, it's in German.
Buy it here from Schüren Verlag.


  1. What a great post! I've always felt exactly the same about Atoll K.. There's a warmth in there that's totally missing from the films since the fade out of A CHUMP AT OXFORD.

  2. The un-cut version released recently, was shown at our tent a year ago. Our group loved it and laughed a lot!. I did show it with an intermission in two parts, and that definately helped. Great article. Ad me to the list of fans.

    1. Thanks John; the uncut version plays a lot better, with a fuller explanation of why Cherie is on the island. My preferred version is actually the uncut French version with Stan & Babe dubbed! (Ideally, it would be subtitled.) Interestingly, the UK release ROBINSON CRUSOELAND runs the same length as UTOPIA, but sacrifices some Laurel & Hardy footage in favour of a more coherent storyline.

  3. I also have a strange fascination with this film. Similar background: I saw that awful photo in the Everson book and couldn't shake the image out of my head. Finding the film was so elusive in the 1970s and early 1980s that it became mythical. When I finally watched it, I was rattled by their unhealthy appearances but ultimately fell into a groove with the movie, enjoying the gags and lively storyline. In comparison, the Fox films are meandering, lazy and often embarrassing messes. Great Guns is a weak attempt to imitate Abbott and Costello's wartime success. The rest of the Fox films feature nonthreatening, wisecracking 1940s gangsters in suits in plots that make no sense. Insipid. At least Atoll K tries. And in many places, it suceeds.

  4. Thanks for sharing your experience, Brian. "Lazy" is a great word to describe the Fox efforts; I'll always give ATOLL K an "A" for effort and it remains my favourite non-Roach L&H film.

  5. As sick as Stan was, and as overripe as Babe was, at least this film has dialogue and situations which fit their characters, unlike the awful lines forced upon them by Fox and MGM where they spoke like 3rd rate radio comics. I don't think any of the Fox and MGM people had any idea who they were. Plus, they made them so incredibly stupid that you honestly didn't care what happened to them. What a shameful waste. At least they got this final encore, flawed as it may be.

  6. Dear Chris,
    My name is Sem and I'm eleven years old. I live in the Netherlands. I'm a very big fan of Laurel and Hardy. I'm currently working on a short play about them which is going to be peformed at the European Sons of the Desert convention next year. I'm currently doing research to Atoll K, because I want to write a longer play based on the making of the film. Your article is very interesting and helpful! I had a question: was the article in the Blotto magazine in Dutch?
    Kind regards,